You probably work with glass in building construction on a daily basis. But, how much do you really know about it?
Glass is a translucent material made from liquid sand, which dates back to 4000 B.C. Today, it has a wide range of uses, from car windshields to glass in building construction.
The Properties of Glass
Depending on the composition and the cooling rate, a piece of glass can exhibit a range of properties, including:
9 Types of Glass in Building Construction
Commercial glass, which is made primarily from sand, is typically colorless and used for windows.
1) Float Glass
Float glass is the name of the process that is used to create large, thin, flat panels from molten glass. The result is a smooth sheet of glass with a very consistent thickness.
2) Tinted Glass
Tinted glass is a type of colored glass.
During production, ingredients are added to the mix that give the glass color, but do not compromise strength or other important properties of the material. For example, iron oxide will give glass a green tint.
3) Toughened Glass
Toughened glass is known to be stronger than other types of glass in building construction but it often has low visibility and distortions.
Also known as tempered glass, it can be constructed in any thickness. It is often used in building fire resistant doors.
4) Laminated Glass
Laminated glass is several layers of normal glass combined into one material. It is usually thicker, heavier and sometimes UV and soundproof. It is used in glass facades, bridges, staircases and floor slabs.
5) Shatterproof Glass
Shatterproof glass, which is used for windows, skylights and flooring, is formed by adding a plastic polyvinyl butyral to the mixture. This substance prevents the glass from forming sharp-edged pieces when it breaks.
6) Extra Clean Glass
Extra clean glass maintains a beautiful appearance because it is stain proof. This type of glass is both photocatalytic and hydrophilic. It is easy to maintain, because water moves over it without leaving any marks. It is also covered with nanoparticles that attack and break dirt, making it less difficult to clean.
7) Chromatic Glass
Chromatic glass can protect the interior of a building from daylight. It is available in three forms: photochromatic (light sensitive lamination on glass), thermochromatic (heat sensitive lamination on glass) and electrochromatic (light sensitive glass). It is frequently used in meeting rooms and intensive care units.
8) Glass Wool
Glass wool is a fire resistant material that will also insulate and soundproof. It consists of intertwined and flexible glass fibers, which provide the insulating filler inside the glass.
9) Insulated Glazed Glass Units
Insulated glazed glass units contain glass that is separated into two or three layers by air or vacuum. This type of glass does not allow heat through it, because the air between the layers acts as an insulator.
Since it was first popularized as a building material in the 1850s, glass in building construction has evolved quite a bit. Contracting businesses now have the ability to install glass that can filter out sound, block UV rays and resist fire. What do you think will be the next big thing to expect in glass manufacturing?